India drives global rise in Carbon dioxide emissions

Terry Joseph
December 7, 2018

Fossil fuel emissions are set to increase 2.7 percent this year to 37.1 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide after going up 1.7 percent in 2017.

In India, emissions are expected to grow by a solid 6.3 per cent in 2018, pushed by strong economic growth of around 8 per cent per year. Those hopes have been dashed.

The Global Carbon Project also warned that despite reaching the highest levels on record, carbon dioxide emissions would probably keep increasing as economies continued to expand. The rise in 2018 is projected to be 2.7 percent.

The 2.7% projected global rise in 2018 has been driven by appreciable growth in coal use for the second year in a row, and sustained growth in oil and gas use, according to the study that was published simultaneously Wednesday in several leading scientific journals.

A report released by the World Health Organization on Wednesday details the public health benefits that could come with tackling the issue.

"We are in trouble". Before 2018, American emissions had been in decline for several years (although, some of that dip was a function of the US outsourcing its carbon footprint to other countries).

"It is hard to overstate the urgency of our situation".

Even a 2C ceiling above pre-industrial levels may not be enough to avoid catastrophic impacts, the UN's climate science panel concluded in a landmark report in October.

The study, released by the Global Carbon Project, found that the widespread use of coal, as well as more cars and trucks being out on the streets.

Between 2014 and 2016 the amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide had leveled off but by 2017 emissions are on their way back up estimated to have risen 2.7 per cent worldwide

Poland's Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki speaks at the United Nations' COP24 climate change conference in the southern Polish city of Katowice on Tuesday. That was soon followed by another report detailing the growing gap between the commitments made at earlier United Nations conferences and what is needed to steer the planet off its calamitous path.

Almost 200 nations are huddled at UN climate talks in Katowice, Poland until December 14. But under the Paris Agreement (which is meant for post-2020 actions), the responsibility to cut emissions falls on all countries as per their voluntarily set targets. "The peak in global Carbon dioxide emissions is not yet in sight", the report said. The EU as a region of countries ranks third.

And the dust is still settling from US President Donald Trump's decision to ditch the Paris accord.

China's emissions accounted for 27% of the global total, having grown an estimated 4.7% in 2018 and reaching a new all-time high.

China's sudden, significant increase in carbon emissions could be linked to a wider slowdown in the economy, environmental analysts said. The researchers said wind and solar energy are growing fast but from a low base.

But Yang said that these areas were not representative of the whole country, and that China was generally on the right track.

Such changes - in all large-emitting nations - have to happen fast.

Representatives from around the world are meeting in Poland at the annual United Nations climate conference to discuss the discrepancy between these results and the promises made to reduce emissions. That would be either keeping the Earth's warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius - when it is already at 1 degrees - or only briefly "overshooting" that temperature.

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Other reports by Free-Prsite

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