Nasa's InSight lander to study interior of Mars

Terry Joseph
November 24, 2018

The landing will kick off a two-year mission in which InSight will become the first spacecraft to study Mars' deep interior. While this is not the first time a US -built spacecraft will visit Mars, the InSight would be the first to conduct underground exploration. Researchers and engineers are buckling down on all the equipment that the rover will use to carry out its activity, yet up until today, NASA still hadn't really chosen where on the Red Planet the rover would land. It will land in Elysium Planitia, which is near the equator of Mars.

'Landing on Mars is hard. So far we are in good shape.

A sizable equatorial plain, Tom Hoffman, InSight's project manager, hopes it's "like a Walmart parking lot in Kansas".

Launched on May 5, InSight marks NASA's first Mars landing since the Curiosity rover in 2012 and the first dedicated to exploring underground.

The event will start at 10pm with a lecture on landing on planets by Dr. Essam Heggy, Research Scientist in Earth and Planetary Sciences and a member of several Space Missions.

"It will give us some idea how geologically active Mars is at the present day, and will allow us to build more precise models of the Martian interior".

Mars InSight

"Each planet is different".

Unlike other ventures, the lander will remain in a fixed position.

Inman will be at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, during InSight's landing. "On the Ground they would provide a capacity of 1800 watts, however, in conditions of Mars, they will provide power in 600 watts, and in the case of high dust content in the atmosphere to 300 watts". It will largely prevent it from being vaporized or burned. After that, the lander will enter Mars at a speed of 13,000 miles per hour, heating its shield to 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit. 30 seconds after deployment of the chute, the InSight lander will drop its heat shield and activate its radar.

Next Monday the probe NASA needs to reach the red planet's surface - it will be approximately 22:00 Kyiv time.

From then on, following a safe landing, the lander will begin its investigation into the seismic nature of Mars.

Experts believe the 28-mile (45-kilometer) wide basin could have collected and preserved ancient organic molecules and other signs of microbial life.

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