US Pulling Out Of UN Migration Compact, Seeks To Set Own Policy

Aaron Brown
December 4, 2017

"The global approach in the New York Declaration is simply not compatible with the United States sovereignty", the statement concluded.

A spokesperson for the president of the U.N. General Assembly says the US role in the compact process is critical and that migration's a global issue that needs global response. She believed the US could influence the global negotiations on migration if it participated in the Mexico meeting, according to the magazine, but she was "ultimately overruled by the president".

U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations Nikki Haley said: "Our decisions on immigration policies must always be made by Americans and Americans alone".

Negotiations on the GCM will be based on the New York Declaration, a document adopted by the United Nations in 2016 that commits to "strengthening global governance" and contains a number of policy goals that are inconsistent with USA law and policy.

"The role of the United States in this process is critical as it has historically and generously welcomed people from all across the globe and remains home to the largest number of worldwide migrants in the world", a spokesperson for UN General Assembly president Miroslav Lajčák said in a statement.

The declaration says member states will work to protect migrants, attempt to integrate migrants, combat xenophobia and strengthen global cooperation on migration - among other issues.

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On September 19, 2016, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a set of commitments to enhance the protection of refugees and migrants.

While announcing the U.S. decision to pull out from the landmark initiative, Haley still praised what she framed as Washington's "long-standing moral leadership" in providing support to migrants all over the world, promising that its "generosity will continue". It paves the way for the adoption of two new global compacts in 2018: a global compact on refugees and a global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration.

"We will decide how best to control our borders and who will be allowed to enter the country", she stressed.

Louise Arbour, appointed as the UN's special representative to oversee the process, regards the global compact as a chance to shift world opinion on the need to address future migration, in the same way that the United Nations had managed to persuade the world it needed to address climate change.

The US decision to withdraw will delight Trump's "America first" political base, but will do little to improve his standing in developing countries.

Other reports by Free-Prsite

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